Ammonia toxicity

مشکلات مدیریتی آب شیرین : مسمومیت آمونیاکی (Ammonia toxicity)

مسمومیت آمونیاکی  یکی از شایعترین عامل کشتار ماهیان آکواریومی است . واردکردن ناگهانی جمعیت زیادی ازماهیها به یک آکواریوم ، خرابی فیلتر تصفیه و نابودی ناگهانی کلونی های باکتر یایی به علت مصرف بیرویه داروها از موثرترین عوامل ایجاد این مسمومیت است.

 

علت ویا عامل بیماری :

افزایش میزان گاز آمونیاک در آب (NH3) به بالاتر از ppm4

 

علائم بیماری:

  • نفس نفس زدن ماهیها و هجوم آنها به سطح اب برای دریافت اکسیژن مورد نیاز
  • ارغوانی ویا سرخ شدن آبششها
  • ماهیها به تدریج بی حال وسست می شو ند
  • ماهی در فواصل کوتاه شنا کرده و ناگهان متوقف می شود
  • کم شدن اشتها
  • ماهیها به تدریج به حالت خواب آلوده به کف آکواریوم می روند
  • باله ها دچار خوردگی شده و به تدریج از بین می روند
  • به وجود آمدن رگه های قرمز رنگ بر روی باله ها ویا بدن ماهی
  • بی رنگ شدن قسمتی از پایین و بالای باله ها
  • این بیماری در مراحل پیشرفته و پایانی به دستگاه اعصاب مرکز ی و مغز اسیب می رساند وبه تدریج باعث خونریزی داخلی و تظاهرات آن در بیرون بدن ماهی می شود . و در پایان مو جب مرگ ماهی می شوند

درمان :

  • پا یین آمدن  ph  تا پایین  7
  • عوض کردن  50 تا 25
  • استفاده کردن از مواد شیمیا یی برای خنثی کردن آ مونیاک
  • توقف یا کاهش تغذ یه تا حد متعادل
  • استفاده از زئولیت جهت اصلاح آمونیاک آب

 

پیشگیری  :

  • اضافه کردن تدریجی ماهی به آ کواریوم
  • تغذیه کم و متعادل برای جلو گیری از باقی ما ندن غذا و فساد آن
  • تعویض اب در فاصله زمانی مناسب
  • تست کردن آب آ کواریوم برای جلو گیری از و قوع مشکل  وبروز بیماری
  • تست کردن و پاکیزه نگهداشتن فیلتر های تصویه
  • استفاده ا زذغال اکتیو و تعویض به موقع آنها
  • بیرون آوردن سریع ماهان مرده از آکواریوم
  • استفاده به موقع از پمپ های دستی جهت پاک کردن و تمز نمودن شنهای کف آکواریوم از غذاهای مانده و مدفوع ماهی ها
بیشتر بدانید:  بیماری باکتریایی ماهیان آب شور : التهاب پوست و باله ها (Red inflammations )

استفاده از مطلب بدون ذکر عنوان ممنوع : سایت جامع ماهیان زینتی

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